How deep should you drill a water well?

The depth of a water well can have many determining factors. Location of the well is one factor that can affect depth, cleanliness of the water, and cost. Choosing a location is important, most experienced water well companies have historical records that have been recorded throughout the country. These records can be referenced to give you a good estimation of the geological formations in your region. Historical archives can also give homeowners a good estimation of the drought depths (lows and highs) of the water table. From the first recorded depth until today.

How deep can you drill a well, could be a loaded question. Groundwater is located at some depth everywhere on earth. Just because you can find water doesn’t mean it is safe to drink. Knowing the geography of your region is the best advantage that we have today. If you want clean water, it has to be filtered. That does not necessarily mean that you have to go out and buy a filter. The best man-made filters you can buy are modeled off of natural occurrences. That is why well drillers sometimes drill down past freshwater to reach a purer source. The earth is one of the best filters, just next to evaporation, and boiling. The advantage the earth has over a store-bought filter is depth / scale. For the water to get deep underground, it has to flow through many natural filters, dirt, sand, rock, and carbon. All the best particulate filters are layered and located right under our feet. This is why the aquifer data is so important.

In areas of drought, it’s always a good idea to take into consideration the amount of time it takes an aquifer to fill up. If the ground is dry and water is able to penetrate the substrate without any resistance .The particulates are not able to bond as well if the water table stays a consistent depth in an aquifer, The water retrieved will be more consistent. It is not possible for any company to know the exact depth a well will end up being, before it is started. A good estimation can be accurate, but before water is reached it is still just an estimation. It is our best practice to take into account all variables and communicate openly with the landowner before the ground is broken.

Drilling an artesian well involves several steps, including:

  1. Selecting a drilling location: It’s important to choose a site that is likely to have an underground water source. This may involve consulting with a hydrologist or using geological maps to identify areas where water is more likely to be found.

  2. Obtaining permission: Depending on where you live, you may need to obtain a permit before drilling a well. Check with your local government to find out what rules and regulations apply.

  3. Testing the soil: It’s important to test the soil at the drilling site to determine the type of soil and rock that you’ll be drilling through. This will help you choose the right drilling equipment and techniques.

  4. Choosing a drilling method: There are several methods for drilling a well, including rotary drilling, cable tool drilling, and air rotary drilling. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, so you’ll need to choose the one that’s best suited to your site.

  5. Drilling the well: Once you’ve chosen a drilling method, you can begin drilling the well. This process can take several days or even weeks, depending on the depth of the well and the type of soil and rock you’re drilling through.

  6. Installing a casing: After the well is drilled, it’s important to install a casing to protect the well and prevent contaminants from entering the water.

  7. Testing the water: Once the well is completed, it’s important to test the water to ensure that it’s safe to drink. This may involve collecting samples and sending them to a laboratory for analysis.

It’s important to note that drilling a well can be a complex and potentially dangerous process. If you are considering drilling an artesian well, it’s a good idea to consult with a professional well drilling company or a licensed well driller to ensure that the job is done safely and correctly.